成果報告書詳細
管理番号20120000000585
タイトル*平成23年度中間年報 新エネルギー技術研究開発 バイオマスエネルギー等高効率転換技術開発(先導技術開発) 総合調査研究
公開日2013/1/18
報告書年度2011 - 2011
委託先名財団法人エネルギー総合工学研究所 国立大学法人東京大学 独立行政法人産業技術総合研究所
プロジェクト番号P07015
部署名新エネルギー部
和文要約和文要約等以下本編抜粋:本総合調査研究は、「セルロース系エタノールの加速的先導技術研究開発に参画する研究チームへの情報提供、研究チーム間の相互利用・検証の連携の推進」、「バイオマス総合利用に係る経済性評価・LCA 評価、社会・環境・文化への影響リスク分析手法の確立」、「有望バイオマス生産地域・事業モデルの検討」の3 テーマから成っている。平成23 年度は以下のように分類した作業項目毎に、平成22 年度に引き続き検討を行った。
英文要約Title: New Energy Technology Development/ Development of technology for High-efficiency Conversion of Biomass and other energy (FY2008-FY2012) FY2011 Annual Report
Comprehensive Promotion and Evaluation Study has three main themes. (1) Information provision to study groups participating in the accelerated technology development for cellulose-origin ethanol production, and mutual exploitation/evaluation among them; (2) Implementation of economic evaluation/LCA relating to systematic utilization of biomass, and establishment of methods for impact analysis over society, environment and culture; (3) Examination of promising production sites for biomass and of business models.
Under the first theme, presentations by study groups on the results and discussion on development targets were made in the bio-fuel challenge committee. For promoting mutual exploitation of techniques among the study groups, workshops were held and contributed to information cooperation among the study groups. In addition, it contributed to the efficiency improvement of the process development of the study groups by the economy evaluation and LCA based on the tentative data having been offered by the study groups to the bioethanol development bench mark, and examined the methods of handling the amount of the heat of combustion and the generation electric power by the use of the by-product.
Under the second theme, for the framework of economic evaluation, It contributed to the process flow composition equipment examination of a research team. And economical efficiency evaluation which reflected synthetically construction costs of bioethanol and a bio-propylene manufacture plant, an energy price, etc. on which the result of the research team was reflected was performed. In LCA, in the area supposing a business model, the information of the materials crop production and land use change were investigated, and LCA was carried out. Moreover, the information acquired by the international conference etc. was reflected in LCA. For establishing methods of impact analysis over society, environment and culture, the framework of the methodology applicable to an enterprise was examined and the simple method of impact assessment on sustainability which an entrepreneur can enforce was examined.
Under the third theme, in order to examine the validity of areas which had been listed in 2010FY by using the high resolution satellite image, the field survey was carried out. On the result of the field survey, the accuracy of the narrowing method that used the high resolution satellite image was improved and issues of the method etc. were overhauled. On the area that the business model was proposed, the realizable business model including materials crop production, ethanol production, and transportation was set up. On the setting result, each process was examined in detail. Moreover, the framework of economic evaluation and LCA was reflected.The research team was provided with the result.
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