成果報告書詳細
管理番号20150000000292
タイトル*平成26年度中間年報 水素利用等先導研究開発事業 トータルシステム導入シナリオ調査研究 (産業技術総合研究所)
公開日2016/2/20
報告書年度2014 - 2014
委託先名独立行政法人産業技術総合研究所 国立大学法人横浜国立大学
プロジェクト番号P14021
部署名新エネルギー部
和文要約
英文要約Title: Advancement of Hydrogen Technologies and Utilization Project
Analysis on Comprehensive Renewable Energy Systems
(FY2014- FY2015)FY2014 Annual Report

 Predictive modeling of hydrogen supply and demand costs was carried out using the backcasting method, assuming an expanding utilization of hydrogen energy in the 2030 to 2050 timeframe. Based on this desired scenario, the analysis identified several goals and objectives of the research and development of hydrogen manufacturing, storage and transportation, enabling widespread utilization of hydrogen energy. Yokohama National University, The Institute of Applied Energy (IAE) and National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) collaboratively conducted this analysis. The following analysis and evaluation was carried out to evaluate hydrogen supply and demand, individual component technologies, and system efficiencies for manufacturing, storage, transportation and utilization of hydrogen derived from energy resources produced by zero- or low-carbon emission energy sources, including renewables. 1) Consideration of individual scenarios, strategies and feasibility of individual research and development projects: The content, goals, and objectives of individual projects, hydrogen manufacturing technologies, high efficiency thermal utilization, ammonia manufacturing, and custody transfer regulations of liquefied hydrogen were investigated and evaluated with respect to the scenario. 2) Analysis of optimum use-based cost: The allowed hydrogen cost for various uses, such as electrical power generation, transportation, and civilian sector uses was analyzed from the demand side. From macro and micro analysis standpoints, the allowed cost was influenced by restriction of CO2 emissions, oil price, and the electric power source, and was influenced by cost reduction of individual technologies and improvement of energy conversion efficiency. 3) Scenario building: Achievements of the “Scenario building on the basis of data collected by IAE”, “Working group (WG) for cost analysis of energy carrier technology”, “WG for analysis of allowed cost for use”, “Consideration of individual scenarios, strategies and feasibility”, and “Evaluation of long-term influence and assessment of CO2 emissions reduction” were integrated and presented to the “Scenario consideration and analysis committee.” 4) Evaluation of the long-term influence on energy supply and demand and assessment of CO2 emissions reduction and long-term impact on energy supply and demand: Long term energy supply and demand was studied using the MARKAL model. Life-cycle GHG emissions attributed to the target supply chain of hydrogen energy carriers are evaluated using data collected from literature and the IDEA life cycle inventory database. 5) Analysis Logistics Committee and WGs. 6) Highly precise measurement of wind conditions for hydrogen production: Detailed models for estimating wind conditions for hydrogen production were generated for select areas of foreign countries using WRF models, and new advanced durability wind turbines should be designed for windーhydrogen industries.
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