成果報告書詳細
管理番号20150000000526
タイトル*平成26年度中間年報 NEDOプロジェクトを核とした人材育成、産学連携等の総合的展開 産業技術の普及と社会制度 機械系における最近の安全・リスク
公開日2016/3/23
報告書年度2014 - 2014
委託先名一般社団法人日本機械学会
プロジェクト番号P06046
部署名ロボット・機械システム部
和文要約
英文要約Results of research and development
1. Training Course
In the current system mechanical engineers are trained on the basis that they obey various regulations. However, their general understanding about how regulatory laws are made and applied is lacking. To complement this situation we constructed a series of lectures and implemented it.
In order to avoid accidents caused by mechanical engineering, in our society (1) regulation by government, (2) damage compensation law and (3) criminal law are used. The purpose of damage compensation law is securing the injured. However, for the purpose of fair distribution of the burden of damage, in some cases the injured are requested to be imposed a reasonable burden. We have to determine comparative negligence properly to provide the injured the incentive to avoid damage. The criminal law punishes acts of professional negligence resulting in injury or death, but it is debatable whether criminal punishment reduced the incidents of human errors.
In this training course we constructed a series of lectures to understand basic concepts of negligence in the current legislation and conditions of prosecution to discuss how to ensure safety and relief in our society.
2. Networking
We held a forum for the citizens on risk communication of technology at the annual conference of JSME 2014. In the forum, mechanical engineers and lawyers made presentations on human errors and risk evaluations. We also held a meeting for discussion and exchanging ideas.
We also held a special forum entitled “Expectation for Study on Law and Technology ー Cooperation of Engineers and Lawyers for Technological Safety and Relief” In the forum, mechanical engineers, lawyers and academics of industrial psychology made presentations for citizens.
3. Related Research
We implemented a research on effectiveness of punishment for professional negligence toward prevention of accidents. We selected 20 cases of lawsuit and analyzed by viewpoint of engineers and lawyers.
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