成果報告書詳細
管理番号20160000000147
タイトル*平成27年度中間年報 エネルギー・環境新技術先導プログラム 動静脈産業連携による循環制御型資源再生技術ー情報技術を活用したレアメタル等金属を高効率にリサイクルする革新プロセスの開発ー
公開日2016/4/19
報告書年度2015 - 2015
委託先名国立研究開発法人産業技術総合研究所 大栄環境株式会社 DOWAエコシステム株式会社 東芝環境ソリューション株式会社 国立研究開発法人日本原子力研究開発機構 三菱UFJリサーチ&コンサルティング株式会社
プロジェクト番号P14004
部署名イノベーション推進部
和文要約
英文要約Title:Circulation controllable resources reproduction technology by artery-vein industrial cooperation?Development of the innovative metal recycling process including rare metals with information technology?(FY2015-FY2016)FY2015 Annual Report

The summary of this study in this term (4 Jan.–31 Mar., 2016) is shown as follows.
A-1: In the sorter for waste products, development of the trial data base for digital cameras and smart phones was started. Then resources value of the PCBs was calculated from their elemental compositions. Also, trial programs for automatic recognition of character and for automatic identification using deep-learning technique were studied.
A-2: In the automated dismantling, an optimization program for crush analysis of 2D-DEM was investigated for binary materials. For a transformable separation, the boundary condition of magnetic separation for electronic devices of PCBs was obtained. Also, the condition of separated products for smelting was investigated to collect the smelting operation data.
A-3: A catalytic effect of nickel coating on PCB was investigated. Without catalyst, phenol resin used as PCB was decomposed at higher than 300°C, and was gasified by steam than 900°C. On the other hand, of the phenol resin could be gasified at higher than 600°C in the presence of finely nickel.
A-4: In an advanced metal extraction, the coordination properties and complexation mechanism of PTA derivatives were investigated. MeTolPTA and MePhPTA showed a high affinity for Nd and Sm, respectively. This would be attributed to a sensitive size recognition effect of the phenanthroline moiety having two N donor atoms.
A-5: In a metal recovery using a molten salt, some electrolytic cells using Ni film as the starting material of alloy diagram were manufactured. Experiments revealed that conventional ceramic bonds are unsuitable for fixing the Ni film at the appropriate position in a molten salt.
B-1: To propose a DfR guideline, RRT and PRN models were investigated to formulate the problem focusing on the interdependency among product structure, recycling processes, and reverse supply chain network.
B-2: To develop the framework of product lifecycle management and urban mining design support systems, the existing approaches by product and design information at recycling processes were reviewed.
B-3: Preliminary material flow analysis was conducted for 8 minor metals. The material flow data was investigated for the year 1990 onwards. These data would also be utilized for a physical input-output analysis by being embedded into IDEA (AIST inventory database for LCA).
B-4: A review of the past criticality assessments and actual past incidents relating to supply disruption has been implemented to develop the Japan’s own assessment framework. Contributions of respective criticality components on the comprehensive criticality would be described objectively.
B-5: In evaluating energy conservation performance of the developing technologies, we checked inventory data regarding current metal supply processes as for comparison due to controllable circular technologies regarding end-of-life flow & product flow cooperation concerned in this study. The evaluation will be continued next year.
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