成果報告書詳細
管理番号20160000000247
タイトル*平成27年度中間年報 エネルギー・環境新技術先導プログラム 革新的分離技術の導入による省エネ型基幹化学品製造プロセスの研究開発
公開日2016/5/17
報告書年度2015 - 2015
委託先名学校法人早稲田大学 学校法人芝浦工業大学 国立大学法人広島大学 国立研究開発法人産業技術総合研究所 NOK株式会社 国立大学法人名古屋大学 日揮株式会社 国立大学法人山形大学
プロジェクト番号P14004
部署名イノベーション推進部
和文要約
英文要約Zeolite is a class of material as a promising candidate for inorganic membrane having controllability of molecular sieving property and adsorption property. In FY2015, Waseda University supplied zeolite samples of producers of adsorption equipment that can be used under pressures up to 5 MPa in order to select the equipment.
AIST will develop high-performance carbon hollow fiber membranes for hydrogen purification from hydrocarbon gases, MOF-based membranes, and analyze dynamic behaviors of membrane–distillation hybrid process. We have prepared several carbon membranes derived from sulfonated poly(phenylene oxide). We started the preparation of metal-organic framework (MOF)-based membranes for new separation processes. We developed a simulator of membrane and membrane–distillation hybrid process in order to establish the operation and design methodology.
Shibaura Institute of Technology started to prepare silica membranes by using a counter diffusion CVD method. The turbidity measurements can be the index for the membrane preparation rates. MOR zeolite membranes were crystalized by using a hydrothermal synthesis method. Pervaporation of water/isopropanol was conducted. The ion exchange was effective to control the membrane permeation properties.
In this period, Hiroshima University set up gas permeation/separation equipment. Organosilica membranes utilizing bridged alkoxides were fabricated and the effect of water molar ratio on network size was evaluated by molecular size dependence of gas permeance.
NOK will develop the elemental technique of carbon hollow fiber membrane modules for the separation of hydrogen from hydrocarbons. To obtain chemical-resistant materials for membrane modules, we investigated materials and selected several candidates for a durability test. In addition, we explored the testing procedure in hydrocarbon and prepared for the test.
The adsorptive separation of C2H2 and CO2 via porous materials is non-trivial due to the close similarities of their boiling points and kinetic diameters. Nagoya University describes a new flexible porous coordination polymer [Mn(bdc)(dpe)] (H2bdc= 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid, dpe= 1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethylene). The compound shows gate opening type abrupt adsorption for C2H2 but not for CO2, at 273 K.
In order to develop the operation and design methodology for the membrane and membrane-distillation hybrid separation, as a target of propylene/propane separation system, Yamagata University studied for the model of conventional, membrane and the membrane-distillation hybrid processes.
JGC Corporation selected following processes as subjects of this study from producing basic chemicals which are mainly containing C2 and C3 compounds. Required operating conditions for the membrane separation system were studied on the basis of configurations and operating conditions. A simulation model for the membrane separation and distillation has been developing to study energy saving effect
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