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成果報告書詳細
管理番号20170000000569
タイトル*平成28年度中間調査報告書 国際エネルギー消費効率化等技術・システム実証事業 米国ニューメキシコ州における日米スマートグリッド実証等のフォローアップ事業
公開日2017/7/25
報告書年度2016 - 2016
委託先名株式会社三菱総合研究所
プロジェクト番号P93050
部署名スマートコミュニティ部
和文要約
英文要約Title: Follow-up Study on Japan-U.S. New Mexico Smart Grid Collaborative Demonstration Project (FY2014-2017) FY2016 Interim Study Report

1. International promotion of NEDO demonstration achievement
(1) Study on how NEDO demonstration is positioned
Briefing session for NEDO was held based on the research conducted in FY2015 on the trends of smart grid and smart community in Asia as well as EV related movements in the U.S.
(2) Preparation of case studies concerning demonstration in Malaga
Case studies on the demonstration in Malaga were examined. The 2015 edition was brushed up and the final version was prepared. The Malaga demonstration, which had been implemented in collaboration with the citizens, was proved to be a suggestive project toward the future development of smart communities.
(3) Preparation of case studies concerning demonstration in Hawaii
Review was conducted on the case studies regarding the demonstration in Maui which were centered on EV related approaches. It was decided to place emphasis on the effectiveness as an energy source and the feedback of volunteers and stakeholders about the demonstration. The case studies were drafted based on the interviews carried out with stakeholders in Japan and Hawaii.
(4) Preparation of case studies concerning demonstration in Lyon
Case studies on the demonstration in Lyon were examined. The draft was prepared by reference to the demonstration report and relevant presentation documents with basic policy to focus on the integration of Lyon urban development project and Japanese smart community technologies.

2. Workshop aimed at promoting the achievements of NEDO demonstration project
A workshop was held in Niagara Falls, Canada in October with a total of 44 attendees gathered from the U.S. and Japan. In this program jointly held with EPRI (U.S.) and the Ministry of Energy, the Government of Ontario (Canada), the challenges posed by high penetration of renewable energy in grid were pointed out and the urgent need to advance demand-side countermeasure technology was confirmed at the panel discussion.

3. Verification of measures that expand fields of application of microgrid control scheme
Distribution system simulator that incorporates real-time information from different DER devices was designed and implemented. With respect to the design, an algorithm introducing probability theory was used with the support of Sandia National Laboratories. As for the interface implementation, EPRI’s cooperation was extended and the interconnectivity of communication protocols was verified using EPRI’s test harnesses. Furthermore, the University of New Mexico’s microgrid operation practice program to be launched in FY2017 was examined.

4. Verification of PV characterization
In the evaluation of PV module and PV system units, the silicon crystal type did not show clear deterioration tendency, while the thin-film silicon type indicated high deterioration rate for the first two to three years and became rather stabilized thereafter. For the compound thin-film PV modules, there was a tendency that the maximum effective output loss factor of PV array gradually decreases over time. Also, in cooperation with the Sandia National Laboratories, a model that can estimate the output of PV module more accurately was constructed.
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