成果報告書詳細
管理番号100013521
タイトル平成19年度成果報告書 ワシントン事務所調査報告書 米国の科学技術・イノベーション分野に関する国際動向調査 「米国のイノベーション政策における新たな進路(New Pathways in U.S. Innovation Policy)」(英文)
公開日2009/4/16
報告書年度2007 - 2007
委託先名Technology Policy International
プロジェクト番号Q05006
部署名企画調整部
和文要約
英文要約Abstract TPI’s May 2007 report to NEDO, Innovation Policy Today in the United States: The Mainstream Consensus and Other Views, summarized the mainstream consensus viewpoint on U.S. innovation policy that was then popular in Washington. This viewpoint was based on an October 2005 report, Rising Above The Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. The report called for more government funding for basic research in the physical sciences and engineering, more funding for science and engineering education, and tax credits for corporate research and development. These recommendations generally are non‐controversial in the U.S., which helps account for their popularity. Both President Bush and the Democrat‐controlled Congress endorsed the main recommendations in Gathering Storm, and their support led to the enactment of a new law based on the report, the America COMPETES Act (U.S. Public Law 110‐69), signed by the President on August 9,2007. However, as TPI’s 2007 report pointed out, there are good reasons to believe that the actions recommended by Gathering Storm, while valuable, are incomplete and not sufficient to ensure good American jobs and strong economic competitiveness in the new world economy. During the latter part of 2007 and into 2008, various American analysts have begun to suggest additional steps that are needed to update U.S. innovation policy for this new global era. This paper, prepared for the Washington, DC, office of NEDO, summarizes these other ideas and how they might lead to new directions - new “pathways”- in U.S. innovation policy. In particular, this paper discusses the notion that the United States is becoming a “post‐scientific society”in which conventional research and development, while still important, is not enough by itself to ensure U.S. economic success. The report then compares these ideas with the policy proposals made by the three leading presidential candidates and, finally, makes observations about the directions that U.S. innovation policy may take in 2009 and subsequent years.
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