成果報告書詳細
管理番号20110000000755
タイトル*平成22年度中間年報 国際連携クリーンコール技術開発プロジェクト クリーンコール技術に関する基盤的国際共同研究 石炭起源の低炭素原燃料とCCSの導入・普及のシナリオに関する研究開発(H22~23)
公開日2011/6/29
報告書年度2010 - 2010
委託先名株式会社エス・アール・シー 千代田ユーテック株式会社
プロジェクト番号P10017
部署名環境部
和文要約和文要約等以下本編抜粋:1. 研究開発の内容及び成果等 クリーンコール技術、特に石炭起源の低炭素原燃料とCCSの役割の今後の見通しを明らかにし、生産・輸送・転換・消費までの低炭素原燃料とCCSのサプライチェーン(図1)のビジネスモデルの提示を行うことが本研究開発の最終目的である。国際共同研究として、米国の関連機関との情報交換を行う他、国際的な成果発信にも努める。
英文要約 The goal of this R&D is to clarify the expected roles of clean coal technology, especially CCS and the low-carbon synthetic fuels from coal, and to propose the business models for the supply chain of low-carbon synthetic fuels with CCS, including production, transportation, conversion, and consumption. We exchange information with related institutions in the U.S. as an international collaborative research.
(1)Data compilation and scenario development
(i) Estimation of engineering cost data in Asia [CUC]
Assuming that the production of synthetic fuels and feedstocks will be realized in the Southeast Asia, this study has started for estimating engineering and cost data for different low-carbon fuel & feedstock production routes based on the gasification of low rank coals produced in Indonesia. For this purpose, simulation studies were conducted for making energy, heat and material balances for the downstream processes of the gasification and also cost estimation studies were performed for the utility costs including power requirements for the processes and the equipment & facility costs, etc.
(ii)Data collection and international collaborative research for scenarios [IAE]
In the international collaborative research, we received published research results from PNNL and Noblis in the U.S. The analysis results of PNNL include the estimation of energy sources in the case where global CO2 concentration is limited, and one of technical options is CTL synthetic oil. The fuel synthetic processes from coal are liquefaction oil (indirect and direct), methanol, and DME. In parallel, we collected the literatures regarding the prices of energy resources around the world and the final energy demand in Asia.
(2)Extension and revision of energy models [SRC, partially IAE]
(i) Scenario setting and production of energy supply-demand balance flow
In order to grasp the entire picture of the energy system including low-carbon fuels and CCS in Asia, we gathered and organized the data of coal resource volume and production, including low-grade coals which are used for production of low-carbon fuel, from some references (Rogner estimates, WEC, and BP statistics).
In addition, we obtained the IEA energy balance tables by global region, and organized the energy supply-demand balance data regarding the supply (production, import, and export volumes), conversion amount, and final consumption amount of coals, including low-grade coals. We also organized the supply-demand balance data of the energies other than coals (crude oil, natural gas, nuclear power, and biomass, etc.).
In addition, we discussed the data of final demand (transportation, power generation, and other powers such as thermal power), including cogeneration systems.
(ii) Enhancement of assessment model framework
In order to discuss the introduction and diffusion of low-carbon fuels, including CCS, targeting Asia and the world, we discussed the change in the framework for the GRAPE model based on engineering cost data and energy supply-demand balance data.
In detail, we studied the synthetic fuel conversion process using low-carbon fuels and possible demand side technology option, and produced the outline of the framework.
We discussed the inclusion of the restrictions on the introduction of low-carbon fuels and the estimates of energy system costs and of environmental material emissions volume in the framework.
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