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Demonstrative Operation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Station for the Widespread Use of CNG Vehicles Starts Soon in Indonesia

-CNG Station Using Japanese Technology Completed in Preparation for Demonstration on Safety and Quality-
December 17,2019
New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO)

The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) is carrying out a demonstration project, which includes infrastructure construction, to create a sustainable transportation system. The aim of the project is to promote the widespread use of compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles in Indonesia. NEDO, Toyota Motor Corporation, Hino Motors, Ltd., Toyota Tsusho Corporation, Toho Gas Engineering Co., Ltd., and the Japan Automobile Research Institute (JARI) have been working on the project and have completed a CNG station in the Karawang International Industrial City (KIIC) near Jakarta.

NEDO has already introduced 10 CNG cars and 18 CNG trucks into Indonesia to perform pilot operation and obtain basic driving data. The CNG station will soon start demonstration activities that will be conducted under realistic conditions. In April 2020, additional CNG stations will be built next to two existing gas stations in the Jakarta metropolitan area. After that, a demonstrative operation lasting approximately one year is scheduled to take place to verify the quality of the CNG and the safety and maintainability of the CNG supply facilities.

During this project, the capabilities of CNG stations and vehicles using Japanese technology will be demonstrated. NEDO is aiming to promote the construction of infrastructure that will enable the supply of high-quality CNG that conforms to international standards. NEDO will also provide support to the Indonesian government and industry associations to develop relevant systems and standards that will promote energy conservation and greenhouse gas emission reduction through the widespread use of CNG vehicles.

Today, a completion ceremony for the CNG station was held in KIIC prior to the start of its operation.

  • Figure of CNG station in KIIC
    Figure 1: CNG station in KIIC
  • Figure of CNG dispenser
    Figure 2: CNG dispenser
  • Figure of CNG car for demonstration being fueled at CNG station in Jakarta
    Figure 3: CNG car for demonstration
    being fueled at CNG station in Jakarta
  • Figure of CNG truck for demonstration
    Figure 4: CNG truck for demonstration

1. Project outline

The Indonesian government is urging the industry and transportation sectors to use more domestic natural gas in order to reduce the import and consumption of oil products. Greater use of compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles and stations is being particularly encouraged because CNG vehicles emit less greenhouse gas compared to conventional gasoline or diesel cars.

NEDO and the Directorate General of Oil and Gas at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Indonesia (MIGAS) reached an agreement that CNG vehicles and stations using Japanese technology will be introduced to Indonesia to create an environment where CNG vehicles will be widely used in a sustainable manner. In December 2017, NEDO and MIGAS concluded a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to carry out a demonstration project on CNG vehicles in Indonesia. Subsequently, a consortium comprised of Toyota Motor Corporation, Hino Motors, Ltd., Toyota Tsusho Corporation, Toho Gas Engineering Co., Ltd., and the Japan Automobile Research Institute (JARI) signed implementation documents (IDs) with an Indonesian state-owned oil company, Pertamina, to jointly promote the project.

  • Figure of Project organization structure (December 2017–March 2021)
    Figure 5: Project organization structure (December 2017–March 2021)

Pilot activities have already started this year by introducing 10 CNG cars and 18 CNG trucks to Indonesia. Indonesian companies and organizations related to the energy industry test-drive the CNG vehicles and obtain basic driving data, such as mileage, fuel efficiency, the time needed to fill the tank with gas, and the amount of maintenance needed. During these activities, CNG vehicles are fueled at existing gas stations or by using mobile gas tanks.

NEDO and the consortium have completed the construction of a CNG supply station in the Karawang International Industrial City (KIIC), which will mainly be used by CNG trucks. In addition to the CNG vehicles that have already started pilot operation, a CNG station using Japanese technology will become available. Demonstration activities will be carried out to verify that the CNG supplied at the station equipped with Japanese technology can maintain the quality recommended by international standards in terms of its calorific value, and water and oil content. Furthermore, the performance and reliability of the demonstration vehicles using high-quality CNG will be evaluated. The safety and maintainability of the CNG station will be also verified during the project. In April 2020, additional CNG stations will be built next to two existing gas stations in the Jakarta metropolitan area, and the demonstrative operation will continue for about a year.

By undertaking this project, NEDO is aiming to promote the construction of infrastructure that will enable the supply of high-quality CNG that conforms to international standards. It will also provide support to the Indonesian government and industry associations in developing relevant systems and standards that will promote energy conservation and greenhouse gas emission reduction through the widespread use of CNG vehicles.

Today, a completion ceremony for the CNG station was held in KIIC prior to the start of its operation in the presence of representatives from the Indonesian government, NEDO, and the consortium.

2. Demonstration details

(1)Operation of the CNG stations (CNG supply system)

In addition to the CNG station that has just been completed in KIIC, additional CNG stations will be built next to two existing gas stations in Jakarta by April 2020. They will be used under realistic conditions to verify:

  • whether, in terms of its calorific value, and water and oil content, the quality of CNG supplied at the CNG stations conforms to the Worldwide Fuel Charter. The charter describes the vehicle fuel standards recommended by the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc., and other organizations. The performance and reliability of CNG vehicles using high-quality CNG will also be evaluated.
  • whether equipment installed at CNG stations is practical in terms of safety, maintainability, and usability, such as the time needed to fill the tank with gas.

(2) Introduction and operation of CNG vehicles (promoting a shift to CNG vehicles in Indonesia)

Basic data from the CNG vehicles will be obtained, such as mileage, fuel efficiency, the time needed to fill the tank with gas, and the amount of maintenance needed. An analysis based on the data will be carried out to verify:

  • what types and what usage of CNG vehicles are more suitable and energy-efficient compared to conventional vehicles.
  • to what extent CNG vehicles can contribute to environmental improvement.

3. For more information, please contact:

NEDO Energy Conservation Technology Department
Persons in charge: Miyazaki, Suzuki Tel: +81-44-520-5284­